Egyszerű nézet Szabó Dorottya Sándor Gábor László Tóth Gábor Pek A Lukacs R Szalai Irén Tóth Georgina Papp András Nagy Zoltán Zsolt Németh János Tibor 2018-03-11T17:04:23Z 2018-03-11T17:04:23Z 2018
dc.identifier 85042076440
dc.identifier.citation pagination=168-173; journalVolume=96; journalIssueNumber=2; journalTitle=ACTA OPHTHALMOLOGICA;
dc.identifier.uri doi:10.1111/aos.13542
dc.description.abstract AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and causes of blindness, severe visual impairment (SVI), moderate visual impairment (MVI), and early visual impairment (EVI) and its causes in an established market economy of Europe. DESIGN: A cross-sectional population-based survey. METHODS: A sample size of 3675 was calculated using the standard Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) software in Hungary. A total of 105 clusters of 35 people aged 50 years or older were randomly selected with probability proportionate to size by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Households within the clusters were selected using compact segment sampling. Visual acuity (VA) was assessed with a Snellen tumbling E-chart with or without a pinhole in the households. RESULTS: The adjusted prevalences of bilateral blindness, SVI, MVI and EVI were 0.9% (95% CI: 0.6-1.2), 0.5% (95% CI: 0.2-0.7), 5.1% (95% CI: 4.3-5.9) and 6.9% (95% CI: 5.9-7.9), respectively. The major causes of blindness in Hungary were age-related macular degeneration (AMD; 27.3%) and other posterior segment diseases (27.3%), cataract (21.2%) and glaucoma (12.1%). Cataract was the main cause of SVI, MVI and EVI. Cataract surgical coverage (CSC) was 90.7%. Of all bilateral blindness in Hungary, 45.5% was considered avoidable. CONCLUSION: This study proved that RAAB methodology can be successfully conducted in industrialized countries, which often lack reliable epidemiologic data. The prevalence of blindness was relatively low, with AMD and other posterior segment diseases being the leading causes, and cataract is still a significant cause of visual impairment.
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1755-375X
dc.title Visual impairment and blindness in Hungary.
dc.type Journal Article 2018-03-11T17:02:47Z
dc.language.rfc3066 en
dc.identifier.mtmt 3261792
dc.identifier.wos 000425369200043
dc.identifier.pubmed 28834193
dc.contributor.department SE/AOK/K/Szemészeti Klinika
dc.contributor.institution Semmelweis Egyetem

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